A contest in which tokens or numbers are drawn by lot to determine a winner, especially one sponsored by a government as a means of raising funds. It also refers to an activity that seems to be based on chance selections, such as combat duty.
Lottery players tend to be from the 21st through 60th percentile of income distribution, people with a couple dollars in discretionary spending. So they spend a big chunk of their income on tickets, and it’s regressive.
There are many tactics lottery players use that they think improve their chances, from playing the same numbers every time to using “lucky” numbers like birthdays. But these tricks aren’t foolproof. There is only one proven way to increase your odds: buy more tickets.
The first recorded instances of a lottery may be keno slips from the Han Dynasty (205 BC to 187 AD). But the concept was older, as indicated by the Chinese Book of Songs, which mentions a game that “depended on chance”.
The word is probably derived from Old English lotinge, via Middle Dutch loterie, or possibly a calque on Middle French loterie, but it is not clear. The first state-sponsored lotteries were in the Low Countries in the 15th century, with records in Ghent, Bruges, and Utrecht. These early lotteries were used for everything from building town fortifications to helping the poor. In colonial America, lotteries financed roads, canals, churches, and colleges. They even helped raise money to fight the French and Indian War.